First World War

Sommerschau über Europa 1915 [Summer Show over Europe 1915]
IWM (Art.IWM PST 6966)
First World War
5 Things You Need To Know About The First World War
Over 30 nations declared war between 1914 and 1918. The majority joined on the side of the Allies, including Serbia, Russia, France, Britain, Italy and the United States. They were opposed by Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire, who together formed the Central Powers. What began as a relatively small conflict in southeast Europe became a war between European empires.
Elsie Knocker (left) and Mairi Chisholm in Pervyse, Belgium in 1917.
IWM Q2663
First World War
Five Inspirational Stories Of Women In The First World War
From ambulance drivers to translators, women served Britain in a variety of ways during the First World War. Discover their stories now.
The first official photograph of a tank going into action at the Battle of Flers-Courcelette, 15 September 1916
© IWM (Q 2488)
First World War
How Britain Invented The Tank In The First World War
The concept of a vehicle to provide troops with both mobile protection and firepower was not a new one. But in the First World War, the increasing availability of the internal combustion engine, armour plate and the continuous track, as well as the problem of trench warfare, combined to facilitate the production of the tank.

Second World War

The Supreme Command of the Allied Expeditionary Force, 1944
© IWM (TR 1629)
Second World War
Why D-Day Was So Important To Allied Victory
The invasion of northern France in 1944 was the most significant victory of the Western Allies in the Second World War
A Royal Air Force Lockheed Hudson Mk VI (AE626) aircraft of the Middle East Communications Flight flying over the pyramids.
© IWM (TR 1)
Churchill waving to crowds in Whitehall, London, as they celebrate VE Day, 8 May 1945.
© IWM (H 41849)
Second World War
How Churchill Led Britain To Victory In The Second World War
Winston Churchill became Britain's prime minister on 10 May 1940. As he was later to write: 'I felt...that all my past life had been but a preparation for this hour and for this trial'. On the very day that Churchill fulfilled his life's ambition, Germany had, that morning, invaded France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Britain faced its supreme test.

Cold War

Berlin Wall
© Crown copyright. IWM (CT 2229)
Cold War
What was the Berlin Wall and how did it fall?
At the end of the Second World War, Germany was divided into four zones of occupation under the control of the United States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union.
Terrorism in Aden: A foot patrol, of the 1st Battalion, The Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, moving warily though a bazaar in Tawahi, Aden.
Cold War
Why did British troops leave Aden?
Ever since they occupied Aden as a territory in 1839, British troops were subjected to attacks. From 1962, Britain was engaged in an escalating conflict in the protectorate.
Sound Room
© IWM (DC 936)
Cold War
Life On Board A British Nuclear Submarine
The dangerous and claustrophobic life on board a submarine required the ship's company of 120 men to work as a close team.

D-Day

Troops of the US 7th Corps wading ashore on Utah Beach.
IWM (EA 51048)
Photo of HMS Belfast's forward guns with the bridge in the background
IWM
Second World War
8 Things You Didn't Know About HMS Belfast And D-Day
Learn about the role HMS Belfast played in one of the defining battles of the Second World War.
The Supreme Command of the Allied Expeditionary Force, 1944
© IWM (TR 1629)
Second World War
Why D-Day Was So Important To Allied Victory
The invasion of northern France in 1944 was the most significant victory of the Western Allies in the Second World War

The Holocaust

Contemporary Conflict

A cyclist watches a fire caused by the explosion of a mortar shell
© Sergey Ponomarev
Contemporary conflict
Reporting from Syria
Pulitzer-prize winning photographer Sergey Ponomarev has covered subjects ranging from daily life in his homeland of Russia to conflicts including the Libyan civil war and combat in Afghanistan. When he travelled to Syria in 2013-2014, he was able to record the lives of people living in Government-controlled areas of the country and tell stories that other photographers found impossible to access. 

Battle of Britain

Afghanistan

David David Cotterrell, Gateway II, 2009 Courtesy of Danielle Arnaud Gallery and the artist
David David Cotterrell, Gateway II, 2009 Courtesy of Danielle Arnaud Gallery and the artist
British infantry silhouetted against the skyline in Kuwait, as the troops prepare for operations in Iraq, 2003.
© Crown Copywright (OP-TELIC 03-010-17-145)
Contemporary conflict
Timeline Of 20th And 21st Century Wars
Military conflict took place during every year of the 20th Century. There were only short periods of time that the world was free of war. The total number of deaths caused by war during the 20th Century has been estimated at 187 million and is probably higher.
kennardphillips
Contemporary conflict
kennardphillipps on art and activism

Gallipoli

Posed photograph of Australian troops charging uphill with fixed bayonets, probably taken on Imbros or Lemnos, December 1915.
© IWM (Q 13659)
A map of the Dardanelles Peninsula
© IWM (EPH 951)
Gallipoli
A Short History Of The Dardanelles Campaign
The Dardanelles, a narrow 60-mile-long strip of water that divides Europe from Asia, has been of great strategic significance for centuries. Carefully secured by international treaty, it was the closing of the Dardanelles that eventually brought the Ottoman Empire into the war as a German ally at the end of October 1914.
French troops manning a captured German Maxim gun at Fort Douaumont, Verdun, 1916.
© IWM (Q 69971)

Fashion

Women walk down a London street during the Second World War in 1941.
Fashion
How Clothes Rationing Affected Fashion In The Second World War
Clothes were rationed in Britain from 1 June 1941. This limited the amount of new garments people could buy until 1949, four years after the war's end. Despite the limitations imposed by rationing, clothing retailers sought to retain and even expand their customer base during the Second World War.
Leslie Speller and Eileen Stone - Married 20 June 1945
Leslie Speller and Eileen Stone - Married 20 June 1945.

Home Front

Bolton Wanderers players photographed after joining the army, February 1941.
© IWM (H 7496)
Home front
10 Facts About Football In The Second World War
On 8 September 1939, the Football Association (FA) declared that all football except that organised by the armed forces was suspended 'until official notice to the contrary'. This was in contrast to 1914, when professional football had continued during the first year of war.